- Wabanaki Confederacy
was formed generations ago. There are five major tribes involved with
Wabanaki Confederacy: Abenaki, Maliseet, Mi'kmaq, Passamaquoddy and
Abenaki of Mazipskwik (Missisquoi)
are a Native American
Nation comprised of descendants of the Alnobak (Abenaki Indians) that
inhabited N'Dakinna, also known as Vermont, Southern Quebec and parts
New York state and New Hampshire for over 12,000 years. As a people,
Abenakis trace their roots to the Lenni Lenape and share most of the
stories, ceremonies and language of our Algonkian relations. Since the
early 1600s, many of our people have intermarried with our Iroquoian
and we maintain a strong connection to them. In the early 1800s,
of our bands, along with Munsee Delawares, moved near the Six Nations
Canada where our people practiced the Big House ceremonies and shared
with the Cayuga. The five primary clans of our people are the Turtle,
Beaver, Dove and Otter. Before European contact our people numbered
late 1700s, our ancestors
served in the American Revolution. We were one of the few Native
tribes to serve in the Colonial Army under General George Washington
the American fight for freedom and independence from England.
is the Abenaki word for Missisquoi, or place of the flint, one of the
Abenaki villages that bordered Lake Champlain, and the traditional
for many people of Abenaki descent up to the present day. We have also
been known as the Saint Francis or Saint John Indians.
Meaning of each Symbol:
double curve is a Wabanaki
design used by all the tribes of the Wabanaki Union. It is a decorative
symbol for all tribes, and is also a mark of identity.
identity of the community of Membertou. The out-stretched wings
the Band Council and its Chief.
human shaped figures
represent the importance of the family.
sunrise represents "The
People of the Dawn" who are the Mi'kmaq.
circle, with the smaller
circle within, is a symbol of unity among Native tribes.
logo has been the identity
of our Community for several years. It will continue to represent
the pride we take in the importance of unity and family.
artist, Dozay Christmas,
was born and raised on the banks of the St. John and Tobique Rivers in
western New Brunswick, and currently resides locally in
She has worked as a trainee with the New Brunswick Museum and went on
enroll in the Nova Scotia College of Art and Design in Halifax.
- Chippewa - Ojibwe
|The People of the Three Fires, the Ojibwe/Chippewa, Ottawa
Nations are known collectively as the Anishinabek. The Anishinabek
was founded in 1949 as the Union of Ontario Indians. Tribal groups
within the Nation include Odawa, Ojibway, Pottawatomi, Delaware,
Algonquin and Mississauga.
|Ojibwe and Chippewa are not only the same tribe, but the same
pronounced a little differently due to accent. If an "O" is placed in
of Chippewa (O'chippewa), the relationship becomes apparent. Ojibwe is
used in Canada. In United States, Chippewa is the official name.
The Ojibwe call themselves Anishinabe (Anishinaubag, Neshnabek) meaning
Ottawa and Potawatomi also call themselves Anishinabe, and at some
time in the past, the three tribes were a single tribe.
Ojibwe, or Chippewa, comes from the Algonquin word "otchipwa" (to
and refers to the distinctive puckered seam of Ojibwe moccasins.
Some major Ojibwe had specific names according to location:
Missisauga in southern Ontario; Salteaux of upper Michigan; and Bungee
for the Ojibwe of the northern Great Plains.